What is Asthma?
One of the most common respiratory illness among people of all ages is asthma. Anyone who has had an attack of the illness knows how difficult the experience can get. Not only is it deadly; it also strikes at unexpected times, making the victim feel more vulnerable at particular environment conditions. Of course, for those who have the illness, it is critical to know how to prevent having an attack as much as possible.
For starters, asthma is an inflammatory disease of the airways. A victim under an asthmatic attack has the following symptoms: coughing, wheezing, tightening of the chest, and shortness of breath. The symptoms are variable and can recur. It is thought to be brought by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some people with this disease experience the symptoms only in response to a trigger, while others have persistent symptoms.
Clinical diagnosis is usually based on response to therapy over a period of time, the pattern of the symptoms, and spirometry, which is a process involving the measure of the chest’s capacity with the use of a spirometer. For those who have undergone slight to moderate attacks and went through diagnosis, inhalants are usually recommended, such as salbutamol or oral corticosteroids. For severe cases, hospitalization is immediately required, usually followed by corticosteroids injected through the veins or use of a nebulizer for supportive mechanical ventilation, and provision of magnesium sulfate.
What causes Asthma?
This disease is commonly triggered by allergens, and most of the time, by environmental elements and activities. The list of triggers also includes dust, mold, and animal dander, usually dog and cat hair. Some activities that increase the risk of having an asthmatic attack are smoking during and after pregnancy, intense exercise and tasks that require a large amount of muscle power that also strains breathing, like frequent carrying of heavy luggage. Environmental triggers such as traffic pollution, high ozone levels, and volatile organic compounds are also frequent causers of asthmatic attacks.
Is there a cure for Asthma?
As all people prefer, prevention is always better than cure. Common practice for reducing the chances of developing asthma include limiting smoke exposure, breastfeeding, early pet exposure, and control in exercise activity. Pet exposure should only be done if no one in the family is allergic to the pet. Early pet exposure reduces the risk of having animal dander as a trigger.
or exercising, the activity load can be gradually increased as long as it does not bring too much strain in the respiratory system. If the environment is polluted with vehicle smoke, it is better to stay indoors as much as possible, but if the situation calls the need to leave home, take extra caution while on the streets.
As of now, there is no permanent cure for the said disease, however there are management tips on how to lower the chances of having it, like identifying the triggers and reducing exposure to them. Lifestyle modification is also another preventive measure, and this also encourages the implementation of discipline in various ways. If attacks come at irregular intervals, it is best to always have a fast-acting medicine ready at hand.